To obtain a mammogram, the patient is seated and the breast is positioned on a special platform. Gentle compression of the breast is essential to obtain good diagnostic images.
X-rays are than taken of each breast in 2 views and printed on film. Plain film x-rays are being replaced with digital mammography. With this advance, x-ray film is replaced with solid-state detectors which convert x-rays into electrical signals. Images are viewed on a computer screen.
The Radiologist will review the images and decide on further investigations/management including ultrasound, MRI and biopsy.