Mamography 1
Mamography 2
Mamography 2

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Mammography is the examination of the breasts using a low-dose x-ray system.
It is a non-invasive procedure used to help in the early detection and diagnosis of breast disease in women and sometimes men.
Regular breast self-examination is essential in the early detection of disease.
To obtain a mammogram, the patient is seated and the breast is positioned on a special platform. Gentle compression of the breast is essential to obtain good diagnostic images.
X-rays are than taken of each breast in 2 views and printed on film. Plain film x-rays are being replaced with digital mammography. With this advance, x-ray film is replaced with solid-state detectors which convert x-rays into electrical signals. Images are viewed on a computer screen.
The Radiologist will review the images and decide on further investigations/management including ultrasound, MRI and biopsy.
This investigation is used to evaluate bone mass in the setting of osteoporosis. These patients are at high risk for fractures in the absence of significant trauma.

Strong risk factors for osteoporosis include:
  • Early menopause (<45y)
  • Oestrogen deficiency
  • Prolonged steroid use
  • Chronic medical conditions like chronic renal failure
  • Hyperthyroidism, chronic liver disease
  • Low body mass index Maternal family history of hip fract